Since July 2006, the Obesity rehabilitation project has been active, focusing on cognitive-behavioral therapy, which relies on the close collaboration of the dietician and psychologist.
It is a return to the origins, as the Institute was established as a center dedicated to achieving physical and mental well-being that promoted the observance of healthy and correct lifestyles; this original tradition of great attention to preventive medicine has remained constant over time and is permanently applied to all types of rehabilitation activities, particularly with regard to the nutritional aspect, at the base of the choice of direct management of the internal kitchen with its own and dedicated staff.
The general objectives of rehabilitation are:
- helping obese patients achieve realistic and healthy weight loss
- promote adherence to healthy and active lifestyles (gymnastics, daily walks, treadmill)
- teach how to manage the diet by learning the calculation of calories
- teach how to manage food-related situations at risk
- controlling and treating diseases associated with obesity, especially cardiovascular, pneumologic and metabolic diseases.
The selection of suitable patients to follow the rehabilitation protocol is carried out by the specialist dietician doctor through a preliminary visit, during which the various phases of the medical-rehabilitation protocol to be undertaken are described.
The diagnostic-therapeutic path includes:
- a first phase of hospitalization lasting 14-21 days, in which patients assisted by the dietician and psychologist learn to follow a healthy and active lifestyle: they are instructed on how to select foods to include in the diet and perform physical activity daily in the gym, under the guidance of a physiotherapist, and external ambulatory training;
- a second phase – the most delicate – that begins at the time of discharge (transition from a guided path by doctors and specialists to a period of partial autonomy) when patients have to scrupulously follow what they have learned during their hospitalization. To this end, a protocol is given to them and check-ups by the dietician and psychologist are scheduled every fifteen days to continue the treatment.