Respiratory rehabilitation is aimed at patients who have respiratory dysfunction.
The therapeutic path proposed by the structure’s multidisciplinary team is planned “tailored” to the individual patient and aims to obtain the best possible results in terms of autonomy and physical performance.
The main objectives of respiratory rehabilitation are aimed at:
- increase exercise capacity
- reduce dyspnea
- improve the quality of life
- reduce the frequency and duration of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases
This rehabilitation is indicated above all for the patients that introduce significant symptoms during the physical activity and in particular it is turned to the subjects affections from:
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary emphysema
- persistent chronic bronchial asthma
- pulmonary fibrosis
- chronic respiratory failure
- restrictive syndromes from neuromuscular and chest wall diseases
Patients accessing the Respiratory Rehabilitation Functional Unit come from acute care facilities (pneumology, general medicine, thoracic or general surgery departments) or from home.
The rehabilitation program includes the activity of:
- readjustment to the effort
- dietary support
- psychological support
- control education and disease management
It takes place in groups and / or individually and includes heterogeneous activities:
- exercise bike
- combinations of multiple free-body exercises
All performed under the guidance of physiotherapists with specific respiratory skills.
Where necessary, non-invasive pulmonary ventilation systems (NIV – CPAP) and equipment for the detection of sleep-related breathing disorders (polysomnography) are available, which are frequently associated with the diseases treated.
For the evaluation of the results, specific outcome indicators are used (functionality tests, stress tolerance tests, etc.) and in particular some scales of subjective evaluation of dyspnea.
The diagnostic-therapeutic pathways in use are identified with the Guidelines issued by the scientific societies of reference (AIPO – ERS – ATS).